Agriculture is said to be the most prestigious as well as an important job. A farmer not only works to fulfil his needs but takes care of the nation by feeding them. Since the practice has taken place since the evolution, the job hasn’t garnered its reputation. Excluding the developed countries, the developing countries’ economy and the underdeveloped countries rely entirely on agriculture’s shoulders. Therefore, keeping the facilities related to the sector intact becomes the prime motive of any country. The country will become a developed economy only when there are combined efforts of agriculture and economic reforms. Thus, the crux of development is completely dependent upon food and agriculture.
The technology is growing at a rapid pace. Farming and agriculture have benefitted from the same. The developed economies have the resources to conduct experiments and come with a solution for the ongoing problems. These tried and tested agricultural irrigation and water supplies techniques and equipment are often exported to the rest of the countries. Both countries take full advantage of this exchange. For instance, India’s agricultural exports to Israel will help India economically and Israel by advancement in technology.
Challenges encountered by farmers
The agriculture in any country mainly depends upon the irrigation arrangements and structure of the soil. For many, the irrigation arrangements for the farmers are not up to the mark. However, it is expected that the farmers must address the altering requirements of our planet along with the expectations of consumers, regulators, and retailers and food processors. The pressure on the farmers is way more than anticipated. The increasing population led to heavy demand. The same resulted in increasing inflation that was consequently affecting the farmers.
Apart from this, there are other challenges like climate change, biodiversity loss, soil erosion, and others. The consumers’ have registered a difference in their tasting pattern, which directly concerns the food and ways to produce. The natural challenges like pests, diseases, and weed still remain alive.
We can’t rule out the fact that modern agricultural techniques have provided better solutions. The results have varied, but some or the other way, these innovations have come handy. The factors or discrepancy in the results after using the same technology and technique are: soils, different landscapes, available technology, potential yields, etc.
Here are the few challenges that farmers have to deal with:
- Combat with climate change, biodiversity loss, and soil erosion.
- Meet the ever changing consumers’ tastes and expectations.
- Meet the rising demand for food due to a population with no compromise in quality.
- Investment required to increase farm productivity.
- Keep updated about the latest innovations and discoveries in the field.
- Be resilient about the global economic factors that would consequently affect the agriculture sector.
- Inspire the younger generation to stay in rural areas. This will make them realize how important farmers are for the country.
The compelling agricultural inter-connected-ness
After underlining multiple challenges, it was clear that there are three fundamental challenges – meeting the growing population’s needs, finding ways for proper irrigation, and safeguarding the environment. Among all three, we can regulate rainfall with environmental protection and increase the groundwater level. Finding solutions to these challenges will lead us towards sustainable development. As all three challenges are closely related, the initiative in one can leave unintended consequences in another.
Well, sometimes, the consequences were found positive. For instance, if you want to raise farm productivity, then you can generate growth in agricultural income, and at the same time make more food available at lower prices. In some cases, it also reduces pressure on the environment. There have been times, the consequences turned negative than expected and requires balancing trade-offs. For example, governments impose policies intending to increase environmental sustainability. The consequence could result in increased costs of the products both for farmers and for consumers.
Precisely, the policies that address any one issue end up either laying positive effect or adverse. It is practically impossible to deal with a single issue without touching any other. Therefore, the final idea of fixing the food system must address the stakeholders’ concerns and meet the competing objectives.
Solution to agricultural challenges:
Before landing up on the solution, we should map a questionnaire first, and the solutions of these questions will be the answer key to our challenges.
- What policy can address the challenges by taking into account their entanglement?
- How to find whether or not there is a conflict between the objectives?
- How to deal with the stakeholders and reduce their fear of loss?
- How to imply the policy in coordination with other countries?
The deciding committee should understand the repercussions before finalizing any policy. A little loss is no harm, but anything that could adversely affect one while benefiting the other should not be taken into consideration.
Before drafting policy, calculate the affecting areas and check whether it is affecting one or more objectives. It would result great if the affective objective could get relief in any other form if not through the policy.
The stakeholders should be kept at complete transparency. Agriculture will never doom as it comprises essentials. The stakeholders’ beliefs should always be considered, and concerns should always be addressed.
The implementation of the policy is very important. The coordination with external factors and import-export should also be kept in mind. A strong strategy can always result in favourably.
In recent times, it is observed that b2b platforms worldwide have helped in advertising and promoting agricultural exports. It seems the future of agricultural reform. If certain policies are made in this favour, it would help the export and import agricultural produce trades.
Future of Farming
The future in Agriculture will be brighter if the anticipated demands are met with meticulous planning. The four challenges supposed to encounter in the future are: the scarcity of natural resources, demographics, climate change, and food waste.
The resources required will be the effort by governments, faithful investors, and innovative/ upgraded agricultural technologies to address these demands. Relying on applying water solution, fertilizers, and pesticides across fields will not work. Rather, farmers will have to outgrow the shell and use the resources effectively and target the troubled areas.
Undeniably, the future of agriculture will include heavy interference of technology. The farms and agricultural operations will be seen running very differently. Technology advancements like sensors, machines, devices, and information technology will push towards intelligent farming. Future agriculture will use more sophisticated technologies like robots, aerial images, temperature and moisture sensors, and GPS technology. These advancements and the precision in agriculture with the help of robotic systems will allow farmers to earn more profits, become more efficient, and ensure safety by being environmentally friendly.